메인메뉴 바로가기 본문으로 바로가기

Goals

Key to achieving APEC's vision are what are referred to as the 'Bogor Goals' of free and open trade and investment in the Asia-Pacific by 2010 for developed economies and 2020 for developing economies. These goals were agreed by APEC Economic Leaders in Bogor, Indonesia in 1994. To achieve these goals APEC Member Economies developed a framework in Osaka, Japan in 1995, which set out three key areas of cooperation. Known as the 'Three Pillars' of APEC, these are the areas of Trade and Investment Liberalization, Business Facilitation, and Economic and Technical Cooperation.

History

The idea of APEC was firstly publicly broached by former Prime Minister of Australia, Mr Bob Hawke, during a speech in Seoul, Korea in January 1989. Later that year, 12 Asia-Pacific economies met in Canberra, Australia to establish APEC. The founding members were: Australia, Brunei Darussalam, Canada, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, New Zealand, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and the United States. China, Hong Kong, China and Chinese Taipei joined in 1991. Mexico and Papua New Guinea followed in 1993. Chile acceded in 1994. And in 1998, Peru, Russia and Viet Nam joined, taking the full membership to 21. Between 1989 and 1992, APEC met as an informal senior official and Ministerial level dialogue. In 1993, former United States President, Mr Bill Clinton, established the practice of an annual APEC Economic Leaders' Meeting. A moratorium on new membership stands until the end of 2010, at which point APEC member economies will consider whether or not to lift the moratorium.

Organization

Organization

Member economies

Member economies
APEC Members Date of Joining
Australia 6-7 Nov 1989
Brunei Darussalam 6-7 Nov 1989
Canada 6-7 Nov 1989
Chile 11-12 Nov 1994
People's Republic of China 12-14 Nov 1991
Hong Kong. China 12-14 Nov 1991
Indonesia 6-7 Nov 1989
Japan 6-7 Nov 1989
Republic of Korea 6-7 Nov 1989
Malaysia 6-7 Nov 1989
Mexico 17-19 Nov 1993
NewZealand 6-7 Nov 1989
Papua New Guinea 17-19 Nov 1993
Peru 14-15 Nov 1998
The Philippines 6-7 Nov 1989
Russia 14-15 Nov 1991
Singapore 6-7 Nov 1989
Chinese Taipei 12-14 Nov 1991
Thailand 6-7 Nov 1989
The United States 6-7 Nov 1989
Viet Nam 14-15 Noc 1998

APEC Secretariat

The APEC Secretariat is based in Singapore and operates as the core support mechanism for the APEC process. It provides coordination, technical and advisory support as well as information management, communications and public outreach services.
The APEC Secretariat performs a central project management role, assisting APEC Member Economies and APEC fora with overseeing more than 250 APEC-funded projects. APEC's annual budget is also administered by the APEC Secretariat.

Staffing

The APEC Secretariat is headed by an Executive Director, currently Ambassador Muhamad Noor Yacob. 2009 marks the last year when the position will be held on an annually rotating basis by an officer of Ambassadorial rank from the host economy. From 2010 the appointment will be made on a fixed-term basis (3 years) and is open to professional candidates from any of APEC's 21 member economies.
The APEC Secretariat is staffed by a small team of program directors, seconded from APEC Member Economies. In addition, professional staff fulfill specialist and support functions at the APEC Secretariat.

ISO Certification

In 2002, the APEC Secretariat obtained ISO 9001 Quality Management Certification. This recognises the continuous efforts made by the APEC Secretariat to provide improved administrative and support activities. The APEC Secretariat is the first multilateral trade-related secretariat to attain ISO certification.

Key Topics

Trade and Investment

  • Trade and investment liberalisation and facilitation are the cornerstones of APEC's mission and activities, and the Committee on Trade and Investment (CTI) is the coordinating body for all of APEC's work in these areas.
  • The CTI provides a forum for APEC's 21 member economies to deliberate trade and policy issues. It works to reduce impediments to business activity in the areas outlined by the Osaka Action Agenda, with the objective of helping APEC economies achieve the Bogor Goals of free and open trade and investment.
  • The CTI oversees :
    • Eight sub-groups: Business Mobility Group (BMG), Electronic Commerce Steering Group (ECSG), Group on Services (GOS), Intellectual Property Experts' Group (IPEG), Investment Experts' Group (IEG), Market Access Group (MAG), Sub-Committee on Customs Procedures (SCCP), Sub-Committee on Standards Conformance (SCSC); and
    • Three industry dialogues: Automotive Dialogue (AD), Chemical Dialogue (CD) and Life Sciences Innovation Forum (LSIF).
  • The CTI was established in November 1993 by the Declaration of an APEC Trade and Investment Framework. APEC Leaders and Ministers direct its work and APEC Senior Officials provide guidance. The scope of the CTI's work was expanded and further clarified by the Osaka Action Agenda in 1995.

Counter-Terrorism

Terrorism poses a direct threat to APEC's vision of secure, open and prosperous economies. APEC Leaders have pledged to help secure the region's people and its economic, trade, investment and financial systems from terrorist attack or abuse and trade-based money laundering. Their commitments to undertake individual and joint actions to counter terrorism are expressed in two principle statements - the 2001 APEC Leaders Statement on Counter-Terrorism and the 2002 Statement on Fighting Terrorism and Promoting Growth - and in every subsequent annual Leaders' Declaration.

Bearing in mind Leaders' instructions to monitor progress and build capacity in counter-terrorism, the APEC Counter-Terrorism Task Force was established in May 2003 to:

  • coordinate the implementation of Leaders' Statements and commitments on fighting terrorism and enhancing human security - assist members to identify and assess counter-terrorism needs
  • coordinate capacity building and technical assistance programs
  • cooperate with relevant international and regional organisations
  • facilitate cooperation between APEC fora on counter-terrorism issues.

Given the continuing threat the region faces, APEC Senior Officials have extended the CTTF mandate for the period 2009-2010. APEC Leaders also emphasise the important role played by the UN and its Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy, and have stressed the need for implementation, where applicable, of UN counter-terrorism measures and the Financial Action Task Force's(FATF) Special Recommendations on Terrorist Financing.

KCS activities

  • Every year, the KCS attend Sub-Committee on Customs Procedures (SCCP) every year (twice a year) and continuously follow up on the activities
  • Among CAP categories, technical support activities as the joint controller country (New Zealand) began for ACRS(Advance Commodities Classification System)
    Techical support in 1999, PNG and in 2009, Brunei, Peru and Vietnam in 2001/2007
  • Korea is a joint assistant administrative nations in three areas such as the advance inspection for the commodities classification (New Zealand), the measurement of time taken for smuggling of goods (Japan) and guidelines for trade safety and speedy clearance (U.S., Japan) among 18 CAP(collective action plan)
  • The KCS has led the meetings 'Sub-Committee on Customs Procedures(SCCP)' and 'Discourses between the Customs -Industries' and ' Non-official meeting of the APEC customs administrators’
  • SOM and CTI Meeting are attended by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade and the Ministry of Strategy and Finance
  • The role of the general co-chairman country is to be performed by Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade and the KCS 'Sub-Committee on Customs Procedures Conference', 'Discourses between the Customs-Industries’, and 'Non-official meeting of the APEC customs administrators'