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World Customs Organization (WCO)

Establishment & Basis

  • Establishment date: 15 December 1950
  • Basis
    • 'European Customs Union Study Group decides to use Valuation of Goods across the globe in 1949.
    • 'In 1950, Customs Cooperation Council (CCC) was established on 15th December based on the conventions for establishing CCC, the conventions on the commodities classification and the conventions on evaluation in Brussel
    • 'The working name, WCO, has been in use since June of 1994
  • Korea joined WCO in 1968
     

Organization

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Council

The highest-level decision making body formed by the head of the customs administration from 183 MembersCouncil

Working Bodies

Working Bodies : Policy Commission, Finance Committee, 7 Technical Committees and Sub-Committees and Working Groups under Technical Committees

 

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WCO Regional Bodies (6 regions)

  • WCO have divided its member states into six regions including Asia Pacific, East and Southern Africa, North of Africa, Middle East, West and Central Africa, Americas and Europe. Each region carries out activities tailored to its needs.
  • Asia Pacific Chair: Indonesia (2 year term: July 2020 ~ June 2022)
    • Meeting: every year
    • Member states: 33 members in Asia Pacific region

Member countries and the number of conventions and agreements

  • The number of member states is 180 as of December of 2015 18 conventions and agreements including Revised Kyoto Convention which is the biggest issue at the present
  • Conventions Korea has joined - 12 conventions including HS Convention, Convenations on the Customs Valuation, Revised Kyoto Convention
    Conventions Korea has joined - 12 conventions including HS Convention, Convenations on the Customs Valuation, Revised Kyoto Convention
    No Title of International Conventions related to Customs Administration Entered into force on
    1 Convention establishing a Customs Co-operation Council 1968. 7. 2
    2 Customs Convention on the temporary importation of packing 1976. 1. 21
    3 Customs Convention on the temporary importation of professional equipment 1978. 7. 3
    4 Customs Convention concerning facilities for the importation of goods for display or use at exhibitions, fairs, meetings or similar events 1976. 1.21
    5 Customs Convention on the ATA carnet for the temporary admission of goods (ATA Carnet Convention) 1978. 7.3
    6 Customs Convention concerning welfare material for seafarers 1976. 1.21
    7 Customs Convention on the temporary importation of scientific equipment 1982. 9.18
    8 Customs Convention on the temporary importation of pedagogic material 1982. 9.18
    9 International Convention on the simplication and harmonization of Customs procedures (Kyoto Convention) 1983.10.15
    10 International Convention on the simplication and harmonization of Customs procedures (Kyoto Convention) as amended 2006. 2. 3
    11 International Convention on the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System (HS Convention) 1988. 1. 1
    12 Customs Convention on Containers 1985. 4.19

WCO Website