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Overview of Certificate of Origin (C/O)

What is Certificate of Origin (C/O)

  • Icon C/O refers to document that proves country of the good produced or the originating status of the good in question
  • Icon Document providing that the exported good was grown, raised, manufactured or processed in Korea

Necessity of C/O

  • the FTA partner country will apply preferential tariff treatment to goods, provided that the goods fulfill preference criterion set out in the Agreement and Certificate of Origin for the good stipulated in the Agreement is prepared as well.

Categories of C/O

Categories of C/O
Preferential Certificate of Origin
(Issued by : Customs, Korea Chamber of Commerce and Industry)
Non-preferential Certificate of Origin
(Issued by : Korea Chamber of Commerce and Industry)
  • Proof of origin of the exported goods categorized in tariff schedule under the Free Trade Agreement (subject to Korea-Singapore, Korea-ASEAN, Korea-India and Korea-Peru)
  • Proof of origin of the exported goods categorized in tariff schedule under APTA
  • Proof of origin under Generalized System of Preference
  • Proof of origin of the exported goods categorized in tariff schedule under the GSTP
  • Proof of origin of the exported goods categorized in tariff schedule under the GATT among developing countries
  • Issued for goods that are not categorized under tariff schedule. The goods are generally exported at a cost or at no cost.
  • Necessary for inspections on unfair trading activities (dumping etc.) and indication of the origin of the overseas buyers within the country.

Types of C/Os

Types of C/Os
Categories Relevant Agreement
Certificate of Origin (C/O) Chile, Singapore, ASEAN states, India, US, Peru
Origin Declaration EU, EFTA, Peru
Back-to-Back C/O ASEAN States (issued in country of transit within ASEAN)

Issuing Modality of C/Oss of C/Os

Issuing Modality of C/Oss of C/Os
Classification Authority-Issuance Self-Issuance
Definition System where the competent Customs authority or other authorized body issues Certificates of Origin after confirming the country of origin of the good in question pursuant to modality and procedures stipulated in the Agreement. System where the exporter confirms the country of origin of the good in question pursuant to the modality and procedures stipulated in the Agreement, and declares by singing.
Respective Agreement Korea-Singapore, Korea-ASEAN, Korea-India and Korea-Peru Korea-Chile, Korea-EFTA, Korea-EU, Korea-Peru and Korea-US
Special Conditions
  • Korea-EFTA: for Swiss cheese, 4 manufacturers of locally distinctive Cheeses are entitled to issue C/Os by the Federal Agriculture Agency. (the Swiss Federal office for Agriculture)
  • Korea-Peru: authority-issuing is allowed for 5 years from the effectuation (till July 31, 2016)
  • ASEAN States’ Government Authorities:
    • ① Brunei (Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade)
    • ② Cambodia (Ministry of Commerce)
    • ③ Indonesia (Ministry of Trade)
    • ④ Laos (Chamber of Commerce and Industry, changed on July 1st, 2012)
    • ⑤ Malaysia (Ministry of International Trade and Industry)
    • ⑥ Myanmar (Ministry of Commerce)
    • ⑦ the Philippines (Customs)
    • ⑧ Singapore (Customs)
    • ⑨ Vietnam (Ministry of Trade)
    • ⑩ Thailand (Ministry of Commerce)
  • Korea-EU: if the value of exportation is over 6,000 euros, only Approved Exporters are entitled to self-issue C/Os
  • Korea-Peru: if the value of consignment is no less than USD 2,000, only Approved

Comparisons of Issuing Modality of C/O by FTA

Comparisons of Issuing Modality of C/O by FTA
Classification Chile Singapore EFTA ASEAN India EU Peru United
States
Issuing Modality C/O Self - Issued Authority - Issued Self - Issued Authority - Issued Authority - Issued Self - Issued Self - Issued Self - Issued
Issuer Exporter Singapore (Customs)
Korea (Customs, KCCI, Administrative Agency of Free Trade Zone)
Exporter ASEAN (Government Authority)
Korea (Customs and Chamber of Commerce and Industry)
Indi (Export Inspection Council)
Korea (Customs, KCCI)
Exporter, Approved Exporter Exporter, Producer Exporter, Producer, Importer
Form of Certificate Uniform Certificate Different in each country Invoice Declaration AK Form KIN Form Invoice Declaration Uniform Certificate N/A (Korea : Recommended form available)
Validity Period (yrs) 2 1 1 0.5 1 1 1 1
Comparisons of Issuing Modality of C/O by FTA
Classification Turkey Australia Canada China New Zealand Vietnam Colombia Central America
Issuing Modality C/O Self - Issued Self - Issued Self - Issued Authority - Issued Self - Issued Authority - Issued Self - Issued Self - Issued
Issuer Exporter Exporter, Producer Exporter, Producer China (GAC, CCPIT)
Korea (Customs, KCCI)
Exporter, Producer Vietnam (MoIT)
Korea (Customs, KCCI)
Exporter, Producer Exporter, Producer
Form of Certificate Invoice Declaration N/A Recommended form available Uniform Certificate Uniform Certificate Invoice Declaration or Recommended form available Uniform Certificate Uniform Certificate Uniform Certificate
Validity Period (yrs) 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 1