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Guide to Customs Administration

Port and Airport Surveillance

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What is port and airport surveillance?

It is one of the main duties of the Korea Customs Service that is performed by carrying out the tasks of permission, approval, search and confirmation for various kinds of procedures related to the entry or departure of vessels and aircraft, the loading, unloading or transshipment of goods, etc. through video and mobilized surveillance and preventing any security hazard articles such as narcotic drugs, guns, etc. which threaten the safety of the people from being shipped or carried into Korea.

What is an open port or airport?

It is a port or airport which foreign vessels or aircraft can enter or depart from. It also serves as a place where the loading, unloading or transshipment of imported and exported cargoes takes place as well as a place which is used by Koreans and foreigners entering or departing from Korea. The open ports and airports under the Customs Act are as follows:

What is an open port or airport?
Port (24 ports) Airport (7 airports)
Port of Busan, Port of Incheon, Port of Masan, Port of Ulsan, Port of Yeosu, Port of Mokpo, Port of Gunsan, Port of Jeju, Port of Donghae-Mukho, Port of Samcheok, Port of Tongyeong, Port of Samchonpo, Port of Jangseungpo, Port of Pohang, Port of Janghang, Port of Okpo, Port of Gwangyang, Port of Dangjin-Pyeongtaek, Port of Daesan, Port of Jinhae, Port of Wando, Port of Sokcho, Port of Gohyeon, Port of Gyeongin Incheon International Airport, Gimpo International Airport, Gimhae International Airport, Jeju International Airport, Cheongju International Airport, Daegu International Airport, Muan International Airport

What if a vessel or aircraft intends to enter an open port or airport?

If a foreign vessel or aircraft intends to enter an open port or airport, its captain must present the head of the customs office having jurisdiction over such port or airport with a port entry report accompanied by such documents as a list of vessel or aircraft supplies, a list of passengers, a list of crew, a list of the crew’s personal effects, and a cargo manifest. The captain of a foreign trade vessel must also submit the vessel’s certificate of nationality, a clearance permit from the final port of departure or documents substituting them.

What if a vessel or aircraft intends to depart from an open port or airport?

If a foreign vessel or aircraft intends to depart from an open port or airport, the vessel must submit documents stating its type, its registration mark, its name, its nationality, its gross tonnage, its net tonnage, the number of passengers, the number of crew, the number of transit passengers, the number and tonnage of laden goods, the port of destination, and the date and time of departure; or the aircraft must submit documents stating its registration mark, its nationality, the airport of destination, the date and time of departure, the number of passengers, and the number of crew.

What if a vessel or aircraft intends to enter or depart from an area other than an open port or airport?

Any vessel or aircraft that intends to enter or depart from an area other than an open port or airport must prepare and submit an application and obtain permission thereof from the head of the customs office having jurisdiction over the area. In the event of any special circumstances, the vessel or aircraft may submit an application to the head of another customs office.

What are vessel or aircraft supplies?

Vessel or aircraft supplies refer to domestic or foreign goods intended to be used exclusively for the relevant foreign trade vessel or aircraft, which include beverages, foodstuff, fuel, consumables, wire ropes, spare parts for repairs and components, office fixtures and other similar goods. Only the persons who have registered their business with a customs office can perform the work of loading and unloading of vessel or aircraft supplies, etc. after preparing certain required documents.

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