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World Customs Organization (WCO) www.wcoomd.org

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Date of establishment and background

  • Date of establishment : 1950.12.15
  • Background
    • In 1949, European Customs Union Study Group has decided to use the commodities classification and assessment as the universal for Standard across the world
    • In 1950, Customs Cooperation Council (CCC) was established on December 15th based on the conventions for establishing CCC, the conventions on the commodities classification and the conventions on evaluation in Brussel
    • The working name, WCO has been in use since June of 1994 (Working name)
  • Korea joined WCO in : 1968

Background to establishment and goals

  • Simplication and standardization of the customs technology and legislations on an international level
  • Universality in the application and interpretations of the conventions on the commodities classification and evaluation
  • Information exchange around the world and technical support for the customs procedures
  • Studies and cooperative supports between the government on the field of customs

Organization and operations

WCO regional Vice Chair (six regional Vice Chairs)

WCO have divided its member states into six regions including East and Southern Africa; Europe; Far East, South and South East Asia, Australiasia and Pacific Islands; North of Africa, Near and Middle East; South America, North America, Central America and Caribbean; West and Central Africa for exchange and cooperative activities which meet the regional characteristics

Asia-Pacific region
  • co-chairman country: Malaysia (2 year term: 2014.7~2016.6)
  • Meeting: every year, hosted by the regional council
  • Member states: The total of 33 countries including Korea, China, New Zealand, Australia, Japan and etc.
Council

The highest-leve decision making body formed by the head of the customs administration from 177 member states

Working Bodies

Policy Commission, Finance Committee, Audit Committee, 6 Technical Committees, and Sub-Committees and Working Groups under Technical Committees

WCO Working Bodies

Member countries and the number of conventions and agreements

  • The number of member states is 180 as of December of 2015 18 conventions and agreements including Revised Kyoto Convention which is the biggest issue at the present
  • Conventions Korea has joined - 12 conventions including HS Convention, Convenations on the Customs Valuation, Revised Kyoto Convention
Conventions Korea has joined
No Title of International Conventions related to Customs Administration Entered into force on
1 Convention establishing a Customs Co-operation Council 1968. 7. 2
2 Customs Convention on the temporary importation of packing 1976. 1. 21
3 Customs Convention on the temporary importation of professional equipment 1978. 7. 3
4 Customs Convention concerning facilities for the importation of goods for display or use at exhibitions, fairs, meetings or similar events 1976. 1.21
5 Customs Convention on the ATA carnet for the temporary admission of goods (ATA Carnet Convention) 1978. 7.3
6 Customs Convention concerning welfare material for seafarers 1976. 1.21
7 Customs Convention on the temporary importation of scientific equipment 1982. 9.18
8 Customs Convention on the temporary importation of pedagogic material 1982. 9.18
9 International Convention on the simplication and harmonization of Customs procedures (Kyoto Convention) 1983.10.15
10 International Convention on the simplication and harmonization of Customs procedures (Kyoto Convention) as amended 2006. 2. 3
11 International Convention on the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System (HS Convention) 1988. 1. 1
12 Customs Convention on Containers 1985. 4.19

Main recent activities

  • Pursue trade safety and facilitation
    - Against continuous treats of terrorism, WCO has prepared the measures for trade safety and facilitation and searched for specific measures for implementation
  • Revised Kyoto Conventionl entered into effect
    - Revised Kyoto Convention was WCO convention on the simplication and harmonization of the customs procedure (enacted in 1999) and entered into effect on February 3rd, 2006. Currently 97 countries have joined as of 2014
  • To effectively counteract the rapidly increasing international customs crimes such as the terrorism, the existing Nairobi convention is completely revised and approved, with the key contents being the exchange of information between the customs authorities (council meeting in 2003)
  • Customs in 21st century Customs in 21st century
  • Activities for skill improvement
    • - Regional Office of Capacity Building(ROCB) and Regional Training Center (RTC) are built to promote the projects for fostering the capacity for the developing countries
    • - Columbus program for the developing countries to facilitate the implementation of Revised Kyoto Convention and WCO SAFE Framework
    • - Partnership establishment between the customs-educational for fostering the managers and strengthening the academic studies on the area of customs administration (PICARD program)
  • Standardize the Customs Data Model- By unifying the details for customs declaration and the layout worldwide, single window
  • Implementation of Unique Consignment Reference Number (UCR)
  • UCR is given to track and monitor the international consignments
  • Active channels for the exchange of the customs information
  • Revitalize Customs Enforcement Network (CEN) and strengthen the role of Regional Intelligence Liaison Office (RILO)

Activities of the Korea Customs Service

  • WCO Regional Training Center(RTC) opening and the Regional Intelligence Liaison Office (RILO) brought to Korea
  • 13th WCO A/P Regional Head of Customs Administration Conference (April, 2010)
  • 19th WCO A/P Regional Contact Points Meeting co-hosted by Korea and Mongol (September, 2009)
  • 18th WCO A/P Regional Contact Points Meeting (November, 2008)
  • 2008 WCO IT Conference and Exhibition (4.23-4.25, Seoul)
  • WCO Most Outstanding Member State for the Protection of Intellectual Property Rights (2006, WCO Council) The 63/64th WCO Council Meeting (Seoul, 1984)
  • Policy Commission, Member State six times: '88.7-'90.6, '96.7-'98.7, '02.7-'04.6, '06.7-'08.6, '08.7-'10.6, '10.7-'12.6)
  • Finance Committee Authorized Country twice ('98.7-'02.6, '04.7-'06.6)
  • 2015 International Origin Conference (November, 2015)
  • Executive Programme in Customs & Business Administration (May, 2015)
  • WCO Seminar on Trade Facilitation&Digital Customs for Customs Heads from LAC Countries(September, 2014/ May, 2015)
Proposed and hosted International Customs Day (January 26th of every year)

To commemorate the 30 year anniversary of CCC establishment (January 26th, 1982) at the council meeting in 1981, orea has proposed and host the International Customs Day every year in Korea since 1983

Started training for enhancing the capacities of the customs employees in the developed countries in WCO Asia-Pacific Region

Training implemented since 1992 in the Ministry of finance and Economy and since 2002, the KCS has taken over.

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