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Overview of C/Os

■ Overview of Certificate of Origin (C/O)

 

What is Certificate of Origin (C/O) ?

아이콘  Icon C/O refers to document that proves country of the good produced or the originating status of the good in question

아이콘  Icon Document providing that the exported good was grown, raised, manufactured or processed in Korea

 

Necessity of C/O

아이콘  Icon the FTA partner country will apply preferential tariff treatment to goods, provided that the goods fulfill preference criterion

      set out in the Agreement and Certificate of Origin for the good stipulated in the Agreement is prepared as well.

 

Categories of C/O

Preferential Certificate of Origin

(Issued by : Customs, Korea Chamber of Commerce
 and Industry)

Non-preferential Certificate of Origin

(Issued by : Korea Chamber of Commerce
 and Industry)

아이콘  Icon Proof of origin of the exported goods categorized in tariff

    schedule under the Free Trade Agreement (subject to

    Korea-Singapore, Korea-ASEAN, Korea-India and

    Korea-Peru)

아이콘  Icon Proof of origin of the exported goods categorized in tariff

    schedule under APTA

아이콘  Icon Proof of origin under Generalized System of Preference

아이콘  Icon Proof of origin of the exported goods categorized in tariff

    schedule under the GSTP

아이콘  Icon Proof of origin of the exported goods categorized in tariff

    schedule under the GATT among developing countries

아이콘  Icon Issued for goods that are not categorized under

   tariff schedule. The goods are generally exported

   at a cost or at no cost.

아이콘  Icon Necessary for inspections on unfair trading

   activities (dumping etc.) and indication of the

   origin of the overseas buyers within the country.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Types of C/Os

Categories

Relevant Agreement

Certificate of Origin (C/O)

Chile, Singapore, ASEAN states, India, US, Peru

Origin Declaration

EU, EFTA, Peru

Back-to-Back C/O

ASEAN States (issued in country of transit within ASEAN)

 

• Issuing Modality of C/Os

Classification

Authority-Issuance

Self-Issuance

Definition

System where the competent Customs authority
or other authorized body issues Certificates of
Origin after confirming the country of origin of the
good in question pursuant to modality and
procedures stipulated in the Agreement.

System where the exporter confirms the
country of origin of the good in question
pursuant to the modality and procedures
stipulated in the Agreement, and declares by
singing.

Respective
Agreement

Korea-Singapore, Korea-ASEAN, Korea-India and
Korea-Peru

Korea-Chile, Korea-EFTA, Korea-EU,
Korea-Peru and Korea-US

Special
Conditions

아이콘  IconKorea-EFTA: for Swiss cheese, 4 manufacturers
   of locally distinctive Cheeses are entitled to
   issue C/Os by the Federal Agriculture Agency.
   (the Swiss Federal office for Agriculture)

아이콘  IconKorea-Peru: authority-issuing is allowed for
   5 years from the effectuation (till July 31, 2016)

아이콘  IconASEAN States’ Government Authorities:

   ① Brunei (Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade)

   ② Cambodia (Ministry of Commerce)

   ③ Indonesia (Ministry of Trade)

   ④ Laos (Chamber of Commerce and Industry,

       changed on July 1st, 2012)

   ⑤ Malaysia (Ministry of International Trade and

       Industry) 

   ⑥ Myanmar (Ministry of Commerce)

   ⑦ the Philippines (Customs)

   ⑧ Singapore (Customs)

   ⑨ Vietnam (Ministry of Trade)

   ⑩ Thailand (Ministry of Commerce)

아이콘  IconKorea-EU: if the value of exportation is over
   6,000 euros, only Approved Exporters are
   entitled to self-issue C/Os

아이콘  IconKorea-Peru: if the value of consignment is
   no less  than USD 2,000, only Approved
   Exporters are entitled to self-issue C/Os

 

Comparisons of Issuing Modality of C/O by FTA

Classification

Chile

Singapore

EFTA

ASEAN

India

EU

Peru

United
States

Issuing Modality C/O

Self-Issued

Authority-
Issued

Self-Issued

Authority-
Issued

Authority-
Issued

Self-Issued

Authority-
Issued
for the first 5yrs &
Self-Issued

Self-Issued

Issuer

Exporter

Singapore
(Customs)

Korea
(Customs,
KCCI,
Administrative
Agency of
Free Trade
Zone)

Exporter

ASEAN
(Government
Authority)

Korea
(Customs
and
Chamber
of
Commerce
and
Industry)

Indi
(Export
Inspection
Council)

Korea
(Customs,
KCCI)

Exporter,
Approved
Exporter

Authority-
Issued
(Peru:
Ministry
of Foreign
Commerce
and
Tourism,
Korea:
Customs,
KCCI)

Self-Issued
(Exporter)

Exporter,
Producer,
Importer

Form of
Certificate

Uniform
Certificate

Different
in
each country

Invoice
Declaration

AK Form

KIN Form

Invoice
Declaration

Authority-
issued
(Uniform
Certificate)

Self-
issued
(Invoice
Declaration)

N/A
(Korea:
Recommended
form
available)

Validity
Period (yrs)

2

1

1

0.5

1

1

1

4

Language

English

Korean

or

EU states

Language 

English

English,
Korean

Number
of
Usage

Once only

Comprehensive
issue
within
12 months
available